Merck Announces Second-Quarter 2018 Financial Results

  • Second-Quarter 2018 Worldwide Sales Were $10.5 Billion, an Increase of 5 Percent, Including a 1 Percent Positive Impact from Foreign Exchange
  • Second-Quarter 2018 GAAP EPS was $0.63, Second-Quarter Non-GAAP EPS was $1.06
  • Company Narrows 2018 Full-Year Revenue Range to be Between $42.0 Billion and $42.8 Billion, Including a Slightly Positive Impact from Foreign Exchange
  • Company Narrows and Raises 2018 Full-Year GAAP EPS Range to be Between $2.51 and $2.59; Narrows and Raises 2018 Full-Year Non-GAAP EPS Range to be Between $4.22 and $4.30; Both Include an Approximately 1 Percent Negative Impact from Foreign Exchange
  • Continued Leadership in NSCLC with Positive Results from Phase 3 KEYNOTE-407 and KEYNOTE-042 Studies Presented at ASCO 2018 Evaluating KEYTRUDA as a First-Line Treatment for NSCLC; sBLA for KEYNOTE-407 Under Priority Review in the United States with an Oct. 30, 2018 PDUFA Date
  • KEYTRUDA Approved in China for the Treatment of Adult Patients with Unresectable or Metastatic Melanoma Following Failure of One Prior Line of Therapy; First and Only Anti-PD-1 Therapy Approved in China for Advanced Melanoma

Friday, July 27, 2018 6:45 am EDT

Dateline:

KENILWORTH, N.J.

Public Company Information:

NYSE:
MRK
"Strong commercial execution globally for KEYTRUDA, GARDASIL, BRIDION and other products led the company to deliver growth in the second quarter"

KENILWORTH, N.J.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Merck (NYSE: MRK), known as MSD outside the United States and Canada, today announced financial results for the second quarter of 2018.

“Strong commercial execution globally for KEYTRUDA, GARDASIL, BRIDION and other products led the company to deliver growth in the second quarter,” said Kenneth C. Frazier, Merck Chairman and CEO. “We continue to solidify our leadership in immuno-oncology and, along with our other key pillars of growth including Animal Health, we are confident in the strength of our business.”

Financial Summary

      Second Quarter
$ in millions, except EPS amounts         2018         2017
Sales       $ 10,465       $ 9,930

GAAP net income1

        1,707         1,946
Non-GAAP net income that excludes items listed below1,2         2,854         2,778
GAAP EPS         0.63         0.71

Non-GAAP EPS that excludes items listed below2

        1.06         1.01

Worldwide sales were $10.5 billion for the second quarter of 2018, an increase of 5 percent compared with the second quarter of 2017, including a 1 percent positive impact from foreign exchange.

GAAP (generally accepted accounting principles) earnings per share assuming dilution (EPS) were $0.63 for the second quarter of 2018. Non-GAAP EPS of $1.06 for the second quarter of 2018 excludes acquisition- and divestiture-related costs, restructuring costs and certain other items. Year-to-date results can be found in the attached tables.

Oncology Pipeline Highlights

Merck continued to expand its oncology program by further advancing the development programs for KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab), the company’s anti-PD-1 therapy; Lynparza (olaparib), a PARP inhibitor being co-developed and co-commercialized with AstraZeneca; and Lenvima (lenvatinib mesylate), an orally available tyrosine kinase inhibitor being co-developed and co-commercialized with Eisai.

KEYTRUDA

  • Merck announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted for review a supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) for KEYTRUDA as a first-line treatment for metastatic squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), regardless of PD-L1 expression. The sBLA, which is seeking accelerated approval for this new indication, is based on overall response rate (ORR) data from the pivotal Phase 3 KEYNOTE-407 trial, which were recently presented at the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) 2018 Annual Meeting. The FDA granted Priority Review and set a PDUFA date of Oct. 30, 2018. Additional data showing a significant improvement in overall survival (OS) were also presented, making this the fifth study in advanced NSCLC in which KEYTRUDA demonstrated an improved survival benefit.
  • Merck announced results from KEYNOTE-042, a pivotal Phase 3 study evaluating KEYTRUDA as monotherapy for the first-line treatment of locally advanced or metastatic nonsquamous or squamous NSCLC with PD-L1 tumor proportion score of ≥1 percent without EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations. In this study, KEYTRUDA monotherapy resulted in significantly longer OS than platinum-based chemotherapy. These results were presented in the plenary session and during the press program at ASCO 2018.
  • Merck announced interim data from a cohort of the Phase 2 KEYNOTE-158 study evaluating KEYTRUDA as monotherapy in patients with previously treated advanced small cell lung cancer (SCLC). Findings showed an ORR, the primary endpoint of the study, of 18.7 percent in patients in the SCLC cohort. Additionally, in a pre-specified exploratory analysis, ORR was 35.7 percent in patients whose tumors expressed PD-L1 with a combined positive score (CPS) of ≥1. These results, as well as other findings from the KEYNOTE-158 cohort in SCLC, were presented for the first time at ASCO 2018.
  • The company announced that the pivotal Phase 3 KEYNOTE-048 trial investigating KEYTRUDA for first-line treatment of recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), met a primary endpoint of OS as monotherapy in patients whose tumors expressed PD-L1 (CPS≥20). KEYTRUDA is the first anti-PD-1 therapy to show an OS benefit as first-line therapy for recurrent or metastatic HNSCC. At the time of the interim analysis, the dual-primary endpoint of progression-free survival (PFS) for patients whose tumors expressed PD-L1 (CPS≥20) had not been reached. These results will be presented at an upcoming medical meeting and submitted to regulatory authorities worldwide.
  • Merck announced that KEYTRUDA has been approved by the China National Drug Administration for the treatment of adult patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma following failure of one prior line of therapy. This is the first and only approval of an anti-PD-1 therapy for advanced melanoma in China.
  • The FDA accepted and granted Priority Review for a new sBLA seeking approval for KEYTRUDA as a treatment for previously treated patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma, based on data from the Phase 2 KEYNOTE-224 trial, which were presented at ASCO 2018. The FDA set a PDUFA date of Nov. 9, 2018.
  • Merck announced that the FDA accepted for standard review a new sBLA for KEYTRUDA as adjuvant therapy in the treatment of patients with resected, high-risk stage III melanoma and granted a PDUFA date of Feb. 16, 2019. This sBLA is based on a significant benefit in recurrence-free survival demonstrated by KEYTRUDA in the pivotal Phase 3 EORTC1325/ KEYNOTE-054 trial, which was conducted in collaboration with the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer.
  • The FDA approved KEYTRUDA for two new indications under its accelerated approval regulations based on tumor response rate and durability of response:
    • For the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with refractory primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma, or who have relapsed after two or more prior lines of therapy.
    • For the treatment of patients with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer with disease progression on or after chemotherapy whose tumors express PD-L1 as determined by an FDA-approved test.

Lynparza

  • Merck and AstraZeneca announced positive results from the randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, Phase 3 SOLO-1 trial of Lynparza tablets, showing women with BRCA-mutated (BRCAm) advanced ovarian cancer treated first-line with Lynparza maintenance therapy had a statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvement in PFS compared to placebo.
  • Merck and AstraZeneca announced that Japan’s Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency approved Lynparza tablets for use in patients with unresectable or recurrent BRCAm, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative breast cancer who have received prior chemotherapy.
  • Merck and AstraZeneca announced that the European Medicines Agency approved Lynparza tablets for use as a maintenance therapy for patients with platinum-sensitive relapsed high-grade, epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer who are in complete response or partial response to platinum-based chemotherapy, regardless of BRCA status.
  • Merck and AstraZeneca presented data from the Phase 2 Study 08 trial, which showed clinical improvement in median radiologic PFS with Lynparza in combination with abiraterone compared to abiraterone monotherapy, a current standard of care, in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.

Lenvima

  • Merck and Eisai announced results from presentations of new data and analyses of Lenvima in combination with KEYTRUDA in four different tumor types: unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck, advanced renal cell carcinoma and advanced endometrial carcinoma. The data were included in presentations at ASCO 2018.

Other Pipeline Highlights

The company also continued to advance its vaccines and HIV pipelines.

  • Merck announced that the FDA accepted for review a new sBLA for GARDASIL 9 (Human Papillomavirus 9-valent Vaccine, Recombinant), the company’s nine-valent HPV vaccine, for an expanded age indication for use in women and men 27 to 45 years old for the prevention of certain cancers and diseases caused by the nine human papillomavirus (HPV) types covered by the vaccine. The FDA granted Priority Review and set a PDUFA date of Oct. 6, 2018.
  • China’s Food and Drug Administration approved GARDASIL 9 for use in girls and women 16 to 26 years old.
  • Merck announced Week 96 results from the Phase 3 DRIVE-FORWARD clinical trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of doravirine (DOR), the company’s investigational non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, in combination with other antiretroviral agents, for the treatment of HIV-1 infection in adult patients with no prior antiretroviral treatment history. At Week 96, 73.1 percent of the group treated with once-daily DOR plus FTC/TDF or ABC/3TC achieved viral suppression as measured by the proportion of patients who achieved HIV-1 RNA of less than 50 copies/mL, compared to 66.0 percent of the group treated with once-daily ritonavir-boosted darunavir (DRV+r) plus FTC/TDF or ABC/3TC. These study results were presented as a late-breaking abstract at the recent 22nd International AIDS Conference.

Second-Quarter Revenue Performance

The following table reflects sales of the company’s top pharmaceutical products, as well as sales of Animal Health products.

 
$ in millions       Second Quarter

 

2018       2017       Change       Change

Ex-Exchange

Total Sales $ 10,465 $ 9,930 5 % 4 %
Pharmaceutical 9,282 8,759 6 % 3 %
KEYTRUDA 1,667 881 89 % 86 %
JANUVIA / JANUMET 1,535 1,511 2 % -1 %
GARDASIL / GARDASIL 9 608 469 30 % 26 %

PROQUAD,

M-M-R II and VARIVAX

426 399 7 % 6 %
ZETIA / VYTORIN 381 549 -31 % -35 %
ISENTRESS / ISENTRESS HD 305 282 8 % 6 %
BRIDION 240 163 48 % 45 %
NUVARING 236 199 18 % 17 %
SIMPONI 233 199 17 % 9 %
PNEUMOVAX 23 193 166 16 % 15 %
Animal Health 1,090 955 14 % 12 %
Livestock 633 582 9 % 7 %
Companion Animals 457 373 23 % 19 %
Other Revenues         93         216       -57 %       -7 %

Pharmaceutical Revenue

Second-quarter pharmaceutical sales increased 6 percent to $9.3 billion, including a 3 percent positive impact from foreign exchange. The increase was primarily driven by growth in oncology, vaccines and hospital acute care, partially offset by lower sales in virology and the ongoing impacts of the loss of market exclusivity for several products.

Growth in oncology was driven by a significant increase in sales of KEYTRUDA, reflecting the company’s continued launches with new indications globally and the strong momentum for the treatment of patients with NSCLC, as KEYTRUDA is the only anti-PD-1 approved in the first-line setting. Additionally, oncology sales reflect alliance revenue of $44 million related to Lynparza and $35 million related to Lenvima, which represents Merck’s share of profits from product sales, net of cost of sales and commercialization costs.

Growth in vaccines was primarily driven by higher sales of GARDASIL [Human Papillomavirus Quadrivalent (Types 6, 11, 16 and 18) Vaccine, Recombinant] and GARDASIL 9, vaccines to prevent certain cancers and other diseases caused by HPV, reflecting growth in Asia Pacific, primarily due to the ongoing commercial launch in China, and growth in Europe, partially offset by lower sales in the United States due to the continued transition to the two-dose regimen. Vaccines performance was negatively affected by a significant decrease in sales of ZOSTAVAX (zoster vaccine live), a vaccine for the prevention of herpes zoster, primarily due to the approval of a competitor product that received a preferential recommendation from the U.S. Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices in October 2017. The company anticipates that future sales of ZOSTAVAX will continue to be unfavorably affected by this competition.

Growth in hospital acute care reflects strong global demand of BRIDION (sugammadex) Injection 100 mg/mL, a medicine for the reversal of neuromuscular blockade induced by rocuronium bromide or vecuronium bromide in adults undergoing surgery.

Pharmaceutical sales growth in the quarter was partially offset by lower sales in virology, largely reflecting a significant decline in ZEPATIER (elbasvir and grazoprevir), a medicine for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus genotypes 1 or 4 infection, due to increasing competition and declining patient volumes, which the company expects to continue.

Pharmaceutical sales growth for the quarter was also partially offset by the ongoing impacts from the loss of U.S. market exclusivity for ZETIA (ezetimibe) in late 2016 and VYTORIN (ezetimibe/simvastatin) in April 2017, medicines for lowering LDL cholesterol; and biosimilar competition for REMICADE (infliximab), a treatment for inflammatory diseases, in the company’s marketing territories in Europe.

Animal Health

Animal Health sales totaled $1.1 billion for the second quarter of 2018, an increase of 14 percent compared with the second quarter of 2017, including a 2 percent positive impact from foreign exchange. Growth was driven by higher sales of companion animal products, primarily from the BRAVECTO (fluralaner) line of products that kill fleas and ticks in dogs and cats for up to 12 weeks, due in part to a delayed flea and tick season and the timing of customer purchases. Growth was also driven by livestock products, including poultry, ruminants and swine products.

Animal Health segment profits were $450 million in the second quarter of 2018, an increase of 14 percent compared with $395 million in the second quarter of 2017.3

Second-Quarter Expense, EPS and Related Information

The table below presents selected expense information.

 
$ in millions

Second-Quarter 2018

     

 

GAAP

     

Acquisition- and
Divestiture-
Related Costs 4

     

Restructuring
Costs

     

Certain Other
Items

     

 

Non-GAAP 2

Materials and production $ 3,417 $733 $3 $-- $2,681
Marketing and administrative 2,508   16   1   --   2,491
Research and development 2,274 1 3 344 1,926
Restructuring costs 228 -- 228 -- --
Other (income) expense, net (48 ) 105 -- (32 ) (121 )

Second-Quarter 2017 5

Materials and production $ 3,116 $827 $33 $-- $2,256
Marketing and administrative 2,500 9 2 -- 2,489
Research and development 1,782 7 9 -- 1,766
Restructuring costs 166 -- 166 -- --
Other (income) expense, net         (73 )         39         --         --           (112 )

GAAP Expense, EPS and Related Information

Gross margin was 67.3 percent for the second quarter of 2018 compared to 68.6 percent for the second quarter of 2017. The decrease in gross margin for the second quarter of 2018 was primarily driven by the amortization of amounts capitalized for potential future milestone payments related to collaborations, the amortization of unfavorable manufacturing variances, in part resulting from the June 2017 cyber-attack, as well as the unfavorable effects of foreign exchange. The decrease was partially offset by a lower net impact of acquisition- and divestiture-related costs and restructuring costs, which reduced gross margin by 7.1 percentage points in the second quarter of 2018 compared with 8.7 percentage points in the second quarter of 2017.

Marketing and administrative expenses were $2.5 billion in the second quarter of 2018, comparable to the second quarter of 2017, reflecting the unfavorable effects of foreign exchange and higher administrative costs, offset by lower promotion and direct selling costs.

Research and development (R&D) expenses were $2.3 billion in the second quarter of 2018 compared with $1.8 billion in the second quarter of 2017. The increase was driven primarily by a $344 million charge for the Viralytics Limited (Viralytics) acquisition, increased clinical development spending, in particular from oncology collaborations, as well as investment in early drug development.

GAAP EPS was $0.63 for the second quarter of 2018 compared with $0.71 for the second quarter of 2017.

Non-GAAP Expense, EPS and Related Information

The non-GAAP gross margin was 74.4 percent for the second quarter of 2018 compared to 77.3 percent for the second quarter of 2017. The decrease in non-GAAP gross margin was predominantly due to the amortization of amounts capitalized for potential future milestone payments related to collaborations, the amortization of unfavorable manufacturing variances, in part resulting from the June 2017 cyber-attack, as well as the unfavorable effects of foreign exchange.

Non-GAAP marketing and administrative expenses were $2.5 billion in the second quarter of 2018, comparable to the second quarter of 2017, reflecting the unfavorable effects of foreign exchange and higher administrative costs, offset by lower promotion and direct selling costs.

Non-GAAP R&D expenses were $1.9 billion in the second quarter of 2018, a 9 percent increase compared to the second quarter of 2017. The increase primarily reflects higher clinical development spending, in particular from oncology collaborations, as well as investment in early drug development.

Non-GAAP EPS was $1.06 for the second quarter of 2018 compared with $1.01 for the second quarter of 2017.

A reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP net income and EPS is provided in the table that follows.

 

$ in millions, except EPS amounts

      Second Quarter
  2018         2017
EPS
GAAP EPS $0.63 $0.71

Difference6

0.43 0.30
Non-GAAP EPS that excludes items listed below2 $1.06 $1.01
 
Net Income
GAAP net income1 $1,707 $1,946
Difference 1,147 832
Non-GAAP net income that excludes items listed below1,2 $2,854 $2,778
 
Decrease (Increase) in Net Income Due to Excluded Items:
Acquisition- and divestiture-related costs4 $855 $882
Restructuring costs 235 210
Charge for Viralytics acquisition 344 --
Other (32 ) --
Net decrease (increase) in income before taxes 1,402 1,092
Estimated income tax (benefit) expense (255 ) (260 )
Decrease (increase) in net income       $1,147         $832  

Financial Outlook

Merck narrowed its full-year 2018 revenue range to be between $42.0 billion and $42.8 billion, including a slightly positive impact from foreign exchange at current exchange rates.

Merck narrowed and raised its full-year 2018 GAAP EPS range to be between $2.51 and $2.59. Merck narrowed and raised its full-year 2018 non-GAAP EPS range to be between $4.22 and $4.30. Both include an approximately 1 percent negative impact from foreign exchange at current exchange rates. The non-GAAP range excludes acquisition- and divestiture-related costs, costs related to restructuring programs, charges related to the formation of the Eisai collaboration and the Viralytics acquisition, and certain other items.

The following table summarizes the company’s 2018 financial guidance.

 
     

GAAP

      Non-GAAP 2
 
Revenue $42.0 to $42.8 billion $42.0 to $42.8 billion*
Operating expenses Lower than 2017 by a low-single digit rate Higher than 2017 by a low- to mid-single digit rate
Effective tax rate 23.0% to 24.0% 18.5% to 19.5%
EPS**       $2.51 to $2.59       $4.22 to $4.30
 

*The company does not have any non-GAAP adjustments to revenue.

**EPS guidance for 2018 assumes a share count (assuming dilution) of approximately 2.7 billion shares.

A reconciliation of anticipated 2018 GAAP EPS to non-GAAP EPS and the items excluded from non-GAAP EPS are provided in the table below.

 

$ in millions, except EPS amounts

        Full-Year 2018
 
GAAP EPS $2.51 to $2.59
Difference6 1.71
Non-GAAP EPS that excludes items listed below2 $4.22 to $4.30
 
Acquisition- and divestiture-related costs4 $2,850
Restructuring costs 500
Aggregate charge related to the formation of a collaboration with Eisai 1,400
Charge for Viralytics acquisition 344
Net decrease (increase) in income before taxes 5,094
Estimated income tax (benefit) expense (515)
Decrease (increase) in net income

 

      $4,579

The expected full-year 2018 GAAP effective tax rate of 23.0 percent to 24.0 percent reflects an unfavorable impact of approximately 4.5 percentage points from the above items.

Earnings Conference Call

Investors, journalists and the general public may access a live audio webcast of the call today at 8:00 a.m. EDT on Merck’s website at http://investors.merck.com/events-and-presentations/default.aspx. Institutional investors and analysts can participate in the call by dialing (706) 758-9927 or (877) 381-5782 and using ID code number 6985606. Members of the media are invited to monitor the call by dialing (706) 758-9928 or (800) 399-7917 and using ID code number 6985606. Journalists who wish to ask questions are requested to contact a member of Merck’s Media Relations team at the conclusion of the call.

About Merck

For more than a century, Merck, a leading global biopharmaceutical company known as MSD outside of the United States and Canada, has been inventing for life, bringing forward medicines and vaccines for many of the world’s most challenging diseases. Through our prescription medicines, vaccines, biologic therapies and animal health products, we work with customers and operate in more than 140 countries to deliver innovative health solutions. We also demonstrate our commitment to increasing access to health care through far-reaching policies, programs and partnerships. Today, Merck continues to be at the forefront of research to advance the prevention and treatment of diseases that threaten people and communities around the world - including cancer, cardio-metabolic diseases, emerging animal diseases, Alzheimer’s disease and infectious diseases including HIV and Ebola. For more information, visit www.merck.com and connect with us on TwitterFacebookInstagram, YouTube and LinkedIn.

Forward-Looking Statement of Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, N.J., USA

This news release of Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, N.J., USA (the “company”) includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements are based upon the current beliefs and expectations of the company’s management and are subject to significant risks and uncertainties. There can be no guarantees with respect to pipeline products that the products will receive the necessary regulatory approvals or that they will prove to be commercially successful. If underlying assumptions prove inaccurate or risks or uncertainties materialize, actual results may differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements.

Risks and uncertainties include but are not limited to, general industry conditions and competition; general economic factors, including interest rate and currency exchange rate fluctuations; the impact of pharmaceutical industry regulation and health care legislation in the United States and internationally; global trends toward health care cost containment; technological advances, new products and patents attained by competitors; challenges inherent in new product development, including obtaining regulatory approval; the company’s ability to accurately predict future market conditions; manufacturing difficulties or delays; financial instability of international economies and sovereign risk; dependence on the effectiveness of the company’s patents and other protections for innovative products; and the exposure to litigation, including patent litigation, and/or regulatory actions.

The company undertakes no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Additional factors that could cause results to differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements can be found in the company’s 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K and the company’s other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) available at the SEC’s Internet site (www.sec.gov).

###

1 Net income attributable to Merck & Co., Inc.

2 Merck is providing certain 2018 and 2017 non-GAAP information that excludes certain items because of the nature of these items and the impact they have on the analysis of underlying business performance and trends. Management believes that providing this information enhances investors’ understanding of the company’s results as it permits investors to understand how management assesses performance. Management uses these measures internally for planning and forecasting purposes and to measure the performance of the company along with other metrics. Senior management’s annual compensation is derived in part using non-GAAP income and non-GAAP EPS. This information should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for or superior to, information prepared in accordance with GAAP. For a description of the items, see Table 2a attached to this release.

3 Animal Health segment profits are comprised of segment sales, less all materials and production costs, as well as marketing and administrative expenses and research and development costs directly incurred by the segment. For internal management reporting, Merck does not allocate general and administrative expenses not directly incurred by the segment, nor the cost of financing these activities. Separate divisions maintain responsibility for monitoring and managing these costs, including depreciation related to fixed assets utilized by these divisions and, therefore, they are not included in segment profits.

4 Includes expenses for the amortization of intangible assets and purchase accounting adjustments to inventories recognized as a result of acquisitions, intangible asset impairment charges and expense or income related to changes in the estimated fair value measurement of contingent consideration. Also includes integration, transaction and certain other costs related to business acquisitions and divestitures.

5 On Jan. 1, 2018, the company adopted a new accounting standard related to defined benefit plans. Upon adoption, net periodic benefit cost/credit other than service cost was reclassified to Other (income) expense, net from the previous classifications within Materials and production costs, Marketing and administrative expenses and Research and development costs. Previously reported amounts have been reclassified to conform to the new presentation.

6 Represents the difference between calculated GAAP EPS and calculated non-GAAP EPS, which may be different than the amount calculated by dividing the impact of the excluded items by the weighted-average shares for the period.

MERCK & CO., INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME - GAAP
(AMOUNTS IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE FIGURES)
(UNAUDITED)
Table 1

 

                                     
GAAP % Change GAAP % Change
2Q18       2Q17 June YTD 2018       June YTD 2017
 
Sales $ 10,465 $ 9,930 5 % $ 20,502 $ 19,365 6 %
 
Costs, Expenses and Other
Materials and production (1) 3,417 3,116 10 % 6,601 6,165 7 %
Marketing and administrative (1) 2,508 2,500 -- 5,016 4,972 1 %
Research and development (1) (2) 2,274 1,782 28 % 5,470 3,612 51 %
Restructuring costs (3) 228 166 37 % 323 317 2 %
Other (income) expense, net (1) (48 ) (73 ) -34 % (340 ) (143 ) *
Income Before Taxes 2,086 2,439 -14 % 3,432 4,442 -23 %
Taxes on Income (1) 370 488 -24 % 975 935 4 %
Net Income 1,716 1,951 -12 % 2,457 3,507 -30 %
Less: Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests 9 5 14 11
Net Income Attributable to Merck & Co., Inc. $ 1,707 $ 1,946 -12 % $ 2,443 $ 3,496 -30 %
Earnings per Common Share Assuming Dilution $ 0.63   $ 0.71   -11 % $ 0.90   $ 1.27   -29 %
       
Average Shares Outstanding Assuming Dilution 2,696 2,752 2,702 2,759
Tax Rate (4)   17.8 %   20.0 %   28.4 %   21.0 %
* 100% or greater
 
(1) Amounts include the impact of acquisition and divestiture-related costs, restructuring costs and certain other items. See accompanying tables for details.
 
(2) Research and development expenses in the second quarter and first six months of 2018 include a $344 million charge for the acquisition of Viralytics Limited. Research and development expenses in the first six months of 2018 also include a $1.4 billion aggregate charge related to the formation of a collaboration with Eisai Co., Ltd (Eisai).
 
(3) Represents separation and other related costs associated with restructuring activities under the company's formal restructuring programs.
 
(4) The effective income tax rate for the first six months of 2018 reflects the unfavorable impact of a $1.4 billion aggregate pretax charge related to the formation of a collaboration with Eisai for which no tax benefit was recognized.
MERCK & CO., INC.
GAAP TO NON-GAAP RECONCILIATION
SECOND QUARTER 2018
(AMOUNTS IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE FIGURES)
(UNAUDITED)
Table 2a
                                                     

 

GAAP

Acquisition and
Divestiture-Related
Costs (1)

Restructuring
Costs (2)

Certain Other
Items (3)

Adjustment
Subtotal

Non-GAAP
 
 
Materials and production $ 3,417 733 3 736 $ 2,681
Marketing and administrative 2,508 16 1 17 2,491
Research and development 2,274 1 3 344 348 1,926
Restructuring costs 228 228 228 -
Other (income) expense, net (48 ) 105 (32 ) 73 (121 )
Income Before Taxes 2,086 (855 ) (235 ) (312 ) (1,402 ) 3,488
Income Tax Provision (Benefit) 370 (113 )

(4)

(28 )

(4)

(114 )

(4)

(255 ) 625
Net Income 1,716 (742 ) (207 ) (198 ) (1,147 ) 2,863
Net Income Attributable to Merck & Co., Inc. 1,707 (742 ) (207 ) (198 ) (1,147 ) 2,854
Earnings per Common Share Assuming Dilution $ 0.63   (0.28 ) (0.08 ) (0.07 ) (0.43 ) $ 1.06  
   
Tax Rate   17.8 %   17.9 %
Only the line items that are affected by non-GAAP adjustments are shown.
 
Merck is providing certain non-GAAP information that excludes certain items because of the nature of these items and the impact they have on the analysis of underlying business performance and trends. Management believes that providing this information enhances investors’ understanding of the company’s results as it permits investors to understand how management assesses performance. Management uses these measures internally for planning and forecasting purposes and to measure the performance of the company along with other metrics. Senior management’s annual compensation is derived in part using non-GAAP income and non-GAAP EPS. This information should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for or superior to, information prepared in accordance with GAAP.
 
(1) Amounts included in materials and production costs reflect expenses for the amortization of intangible assets recognized as a result of business acquisitions. Amounts included in marketing and administrative expenses reflect integration, transaction and certain other costs related to business acquisitions and divestitures. Amounts included in research and development expenses reflect an increase in the estimated fair value measurement of liabilities for contingent consideration. Amounts included in other (income) expense, net reflect an increase in the estimated fair value measurement of liabilities for contingent consideration, partially offset by royalty income related to the termination of the Sanofi-Pasteur MSD joint venture.
 
(2) Amounts primarily include employee separation costs and accelerated depreciation associated with facilities to be closed or divested related to activities under the company's formal restructuring programs.
 
(3) Amount included in research and development expenses represents a charge for the acquisition of Viralytics Limited.
 
(4) Represents the estimated tax impact on the reconciling items based on applying the statutory rate of the originating territory of the non-GAAP adjustments.
MERCK & CO., INC.
GAAP TO NON-GAAP RECONCILIATION
SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2018
(AMOUNTS IN MILLIONS, EXCEPT PER SHARE FIGURES)
(UNAUDITED)
Table 2b
                                                       

 

GAAP

Acquisition and
Divestiture-Related
Costs (1)

Restructuring
Costs (2)

Certain Other
Items (3)

Adjustment
Subtotal

Non-GAAP
 
Materials and production $ 6,601 1,467 9 1,476 $ 5,125
Marketing and administrative 5,016 24 2 26 4,990
Research and development 5,470 2 5 1,744 1,751 3,719
Restructuring costs 323 323 323 -
Other (income) expense, net (340 ) 95 (54 ) 41 (381 )
Income Before Taxes 3,432 (1,588 ) (339 ) (1,690 ) (3,617 ) 7,049
Income Tax Provision (Benefit) 975 (204 )

(4)

(49 )

(4)

(109 )

(4)

(362 ) 1,337
Net Income 2,457 (1,384 ) (290 ) (1,581 ) (3,255 ) 5,712
Net Income Attributable to Merck & Co., Inc. 2,443 (1,384 ) (290 ) (1,581 ) (3,255 ) 5,698
Earnings per Common Share Assuming Dilution $ 0.90   (0.51 ) (0.11 ) (0.59 ) (1.21 ) $ 2.11  
   
Tax Rate   28.4 %   19.0 %
Only the line items that are affected by non-GAAP adjustments are shown.
 
Merck is providing certain non-GAAP information that excludes certain items because of the nature of these items and the impact they have on the analysis of underlying business performance and trends. Management believes that providing this information enhances investors’ understanding of the company’s results as it permits investors to understand how management assesses performance. Management uses these measures internally for planning and forecasting purposes and to measure the performance of the company along with other metrics. Senior management’s annual compensation is derived in part using non-GAAP income and non-GAAP EPS. This information should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for or superior to, information prepared in accordance with GAAP.
 
(1) Amounts included in materials and production costs reflect expenses for the amortization of intangible assets recognized as a result of business acquisitions. Amounts included in marketing and administrative expenses reflect integration, transaction and certain other costs related to business acquisitions and divestitures. Amounts included in research and development expenses reflect an increase in the estimated fair value measurement of liabilities for contingent consideration. Amounts included in other (income) expense, net reflect an increase in the estimated fair value measurement of liabilities for contingent consideration, partially offset by royalty income related to the termination of the Sanofi-Pasteur MSD joint venture.
 
(2) Amounts primarily include employee separation costs and accelerated depreciation associated with facilities to be closed or divested related to activities under the company's formal restructuring programs.
 
(3) Amounts included in research and development expenses represent a $1.4 billion aggregate charge related to the formation of a collaboration with Eisai Co., Ltd., as well as a $344 million charge for the acquisition of Viralytics Limited.
 
(4) Represents the estimated tax impact on the reconciling items based on applying the statutory rate of the originating territory of the non-GAAP adjustments.
MERCK & CO., INC.
FRANCHISE / KEY PRODUCT SALES
(AMOUNTS IN MILLIONS)
(UNAUDITED)
Table 3
                                                                               
2018 2017 2Q   June YTD
1Q 2Q June

YTD

1Q 2Q June YTD 3Q 4Q Full Year Nom % Ex-Exch % Nom % Ex-Exch %
                         
TOTAL SALES (1) $10,037 $10,465 $20,502 $9,434 $9,930 $19,365 $10,325 $10,433 $40,122 5 4 6 4
PHARMACEUTICAL 8,919 9,282 18,201 8,185 8,759 16,944 9,156 9,290 35,390 6 3 7 3
Oncology
Keytruda 1,464 1,667 3,131 584 881 1,465 1,047 1,297 3,809 89 86 114 108
Emend 125 148 273 133 143 276 137 143 556 3 1 -1 -4
Temodar 57 56 113 66 65 130 68 73 271 -13 -16 -13 -17
Alliance Revenue – Lynparza 33 44 76 5 16 20
Alliance Revenue – Lenvima 35 35
Vaccines (2)
Gardasil / Gardasil 9 660 608 1,269 532 469 1,001 675 633 2,308 30 26 27 23
ProQuad / M-M-R II / Varivax 392 426 818 355 399 754 519 403 1,676 7 6 8 7
Pneumovax 23 179 193 372 163 166 329 229 263 821 16 15 13 11
RotaTeq 193 156 349 224 123 347 179 160 686 27 26 1 -1
Zostavax 65 44 108 154 160 313 234 121 668 -73 -74 -65 -67
Hospital Acute Care
Bridion 204 240 444 148 163 310 185 209 704 48 45 43 38
Noxafil 176 188 363 141 155 296 162 179 636 21 17 23 17
Invanz 151 149 300 136 150 286 159 157 602 -1 -1 5 3
Cubicin 98 94 192 96 103 198 91 92 382 -9 -11 -3 -7
Cancidas 91 87 178 121 112 233 94 95 422 -23 -27 -24 -29
Primaxin 72 68 140 62 71 133 73 74 280 -4 -11 5 -2
Immunology
Simponi 231 233 464 184 199 383 219 217 819 17 9 21 10
Remicade 167 157 324 229 208 437 214 186 837 -24 -29 -26 -33
Neuroscience
Belsomra 54 71 125 42 52 94 56 60 210 35 33 33 30
Virology
Isentress / Isentress HD 281 305 586 305 282 587 310 308 1,204 8 6 0 -3
Zepatier 131 113 243 378 517 895 468 296 1,660 -78 -80 -73 -75
Cardiovascular
Zetia 305 226 531 334 367 701 320 323 1,344 -39 -42 -24 -30
Vytorin 167 155 322 241 182 423 142 186 751 -15 -20 -24 -30
Atozet 73 101 174 49 63 112 59 54 225 62 51 55 42
Adempas 68 75 143 84 67 151 70 79 300 13 8 -5 -11
Diabetes (3)
Januvia 880 949 1,829 839 948 1,787 1,012 938 3,737 0 -2 2 0
Janumet 544 585 1,129 496 563 1,059 513 586 2,158 4 1 7 3
Women's Health
NuvaRing 216 236 452 160 199 359 214 188 761 18 17 26 24
Implanon / Nexplanon 174 174 348 170 178 349 155 183 686 -3 -3 0 -1
Diversified Brands
Singulair 175 185 360 186 203 389 161 182 732 -9 -13 -7 -13
Cozaar / Hyzaar 120 125 245 112 119 231 128 125 484 5 1 6 1
Nasonex 122 81 203 139 85 224 42 120 387 -5 -7 -9 -13
Arcoxia 83 84 166 103 89 192 80 91 363 -6 -8 -13 -17
Follistim AQ 67 70 138 81 79 160 72 66 298 -11 -14 -14 -18
Fosamax 55 59 114 61 66 127 53 62 241 -11 -15 -10 -16
Dulera 57 42 99 82 69 151 59 77 287 -39 -40 -35 -35
Other Pharmaceutical (4) 989 1,053 2,045 995 1,064 2,062 952 1,048 4,065 -1 0 -1 -5
*
ANIMAL HEALTH 1,065 1,090 2,155 939 955 1,894 1,000 981 3,875 14 12 14 9
Livestock 652 633 1,286 578 582 1,161 647 668 2,476 9 7 11 7
Companion Animals 413 457 869 361 373 733 353 313 1,399 23 19 18 14
 
Other Revenues (5) 53 93 146 310 216 527 169 162 857 -57 -7 -72 -14

Sum of quarterly amounts may not equal year-to-date amounts due to rounding.

(1) Only select products are shown.
(2) Total Vaccines sales were $1,561 million and $1,533 million in the first and second quarters of 2018, respectively, and $1,516 million, $1,404 million, $1,924 million and $1,704 million for the first, second, third and fourth quarters of 2017, respectively.
(3) Total Diabetes sales were $1,433 million and $1,571 million in the first and second quarters of 2018, respectively, and $1,338 million, $1,520 million, $1,531 million and $1,533 million for the first, second, third and fourth quarters of 2017, respectively.
(4) Includes Pharmaceutical products not individually shown above.
(5) Other Revenues are comprised primarily of Healthcare Services segment revenues, third-party manufacturing sales and miscellaneous corporate revenues, including revenue hedging activities.

Contact:

Merck
Media:
Tracy Ogden, (908) 740-1747
Claire Gillespie, (267) 305-0932
or
Investor:
Teri Loxam, (908) 740-1986
Michael DeCarbo, (908) 740-1807

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